In this article, we have covered the Education challenges in present scenario, What are the faults in Education System of India, Challenges to Education and more.
India is the largest democratic nation with the population of around 135 crores which makes up about 18% of the world’s population. In India the literacy is the main foundation for social and economic growth. When the British rule ended in India in the year 1947 the literacy rate was just 12%. Over the years, India has changed socially, economically, and globally and now the literacy rate of India is 75%.
India has made progress in increasing the attainment rate of Primary Education. Around 75% of the population of age 7 to 10 yrs. is literate. It would be not wrong to say that today in economic development of India Education System has played a vital role. The higher education has increased steadily over the past few years, reaching a Gross Enrollment Ratio of 24% in 2013, there still remains a significant gap between India and other developed nations.
Government Schools vs Private Schools
The major problem with Indian Education System is the number of Government schools and the environment & quality of education they provide. The ratio of Government schools to Private Schools is very low. Due to which there are lesser number of seats in Government Schools, and poor families can’t afford the price of Private Schools. Hence, for their family earning small children have to go for work instead of school.
In general as compared to private schools the quality of education that government schools provide is not up to the mark. That’s why every parent wants his child to get admission in private school. Moreover the environment in government schools is not disciplined and hygienic as of private schools. Talking about the lab equipments or computers and the facilities that private schools provide is way better and advanced than in government schools.
For this, Right to Education Act (RTE) plays an important role, which says 25% of seats in private schools should consist students belonging to weaker section. These children will receive free and compulsory elementary education. In some government schools Mid-day Meals are also given along with books to study and uniform also. This is the biggest plus point in government schools.
Sarv Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) is Government of India’s programme which says free and compulsory education to all the children of age group 6-14 years and making it a Fundamental Right. The programme was pioneered by former Prime Minister of India Atal Bihari Vajpayee.
Student Teacher Ratio
Another challenge for improving the Indian education system is to improve the student teacher ratio. In India, this ratio is very high as compared to certain comparable countries in the world. In developed countries this ratio is around 12, and in India, it’s around 25. India really needs to recruit quality teachers and strengthen the teachers required to handle classes. Teachers are the most important factors for the development of society.
The female literacy rate in India is lower than the male literacy rate as many parents do not allow their female children to go to schools. They get married off at a young age instead. Though child marriage has been lowered to very low levels, it still happens. Many families, especially in rural areas believe that having a male child is better than having a baby girl. So the male child gets all the benefits. Today, the female literacy levels according to the Literacy Rate are 65.46% where the male literacy rate is over 80%. The literacy rate in India has always been a matter of concern for females. But every year the total pass percentage or total percentage secured by girls is higher than the percentage of boys. This clearly shows that if women should be given a chance to prove themselves that they are not lesser than men.