New National Education Policy has been introduced for the first time ever after almost 34 years. The changes are made to bring focus on learning and increasing knowledge instead of rote learning. Also, the Ministry of Human Resource Development is renamed as Ministry of Education. Following are the major education changes that are made in the new policy:
Changes in the School Structure
1) New School structure will be 5+3+3+4
- Foundational: 3 years – Anganwadi/ Balvatika/ Pre-School (Age 3 to 6)
2 years – Class 1 & 2 (Age 3 to 5), which make the total of 5 Years
- Preparatory: 3 years – Class 3 to 5 (Age 8 to 11)
- Middle: 3 years – Class 6 to 8 (Age 11 to 14)
- Secondary: 4 years – Class 9 to 12 (Age 14 to 18)
Other Major Changes in education system
2) Vocational courses will be available for the students of the 6th standard onwards and a ten days (no bag days) internship with local traders/craftpersons will also be available for class 6 to 8.
3) Curriculum will be reduced to the core concepts.
4) Board Exams: Modular, Low stakes, based on conceptual knowledge and its application.
5) There will be no hard separation of curricular, extra and co-curricular, arts and science, sports and vocational crafts. Curriculum to integrate Indian Culture and ethos.
Example : Science student can have Physics as Major and Music as minor.
6) Holistic Report Card– use of AI for identifying specific aptitude of child.
7) Mother tongue to be the medium of instruction till 5th grade (atleast)
8) Students can learn coding from class 6.
Changes at College level
9) Multiple entry and exit from any course but over a fixed period of time. Credit system for graduation for each year student will get some credits which he can utilize if he takes break in course and come back again to complete course.
10) For any graduation course if student complete only one year he will get a basic certificate, if he complete two years then he will get Diploma certificate and if he complete full course then he will get degree certificate. So no year of any student will be wasted if he break the course in between.
11) All the graduation course fees of all Universities will be govern by single authority with capping on each course.
12) Engagement of social workers, alumni, retired teachers and volunteers with school and instituitions
13) NRF (National Research Foundation) can be used to fund the projects by students not only in science but of any field.
There are many other changes are made which includes training teachers according to the new education policy, giving more importance in digitally equipping schools, teacher and students under National Educational Technology Forum (NETF), bringing common standards of learning and removal of affiliating system in next 15 years.
Visit mygov.in to know more about the changes.